Shomoy Bohia Jaey Nodir Sroter Praye


Bangladesh is located in the delta of the Padma (Ganges [Ganga]) and Jamuna (Brahmaputra) rivers in the northeastern part of South Asia. It is bordered by the Indian states of West Bengal to the west and north, Assam to the north, Meghalaya to the north and northeast, and Tripura and Mizoram to the east. Bangladesh has flat plains, and most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas. Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional republic based on the Westminster system. Bengalis make up 99% of the total population of Bangladesh. The country consists of eight divisions, 64 districts and 495 subdistricts. Bangladesh is known for its vibrant history, ancient archeology, rich culture and beautiful landscape. Some of the oldest Islamic, Bhuddist, and Hindu archeological relics can be found in Bangladesh. Bengali is the mother tongue of almost the entire population of Bangladesh. However, the indigenous minority groups have their own languages and dialects, some of which are Tibeto-Burman languages. English, an Indo-European language, is spoken in urban centres and among educated groups. Bangladesh is ethnically homogeneous, with Bengalis comprising 98% of the population. Bangladesh is a Muslim-majority country. Muslims constitute around 90% of the population in Bangladesh while Hindus and Buddhists are the most significant minorities of the country. It is home to the world’s largest river delta, which is formed by the Brahmaputra and the Ganges river. Roaming Bengal tigers in the Sundarbans, a mangrove and swampland in the delta. For the longest natural uninterrupted sea beach in Asia (Cox’s Bazar beach), which is 150 km long.
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The legal system of Bangladesh is based on a common law system. However, unlike other common law jurisdictions, Bangladesh�s Supreme Court has the power to not only interpret laws made by the Parliament, but to also declare them null and void and to enforce fundamental rights of the citizens. The four fundamental principles of the Constitution are nationalism, socialism, democracy and secularism. The Constitution endeavors to create a socialist society in which the rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedom, equality and justice, political, economic and social, is secured for all its citizens. Although founded on the English common law system, the laws of Bangladesh take a statutory form, which are enacted by the legislature and interpreted by the Supreme Court. The word ‘law’ is defined in Article 152 of the Bangladesh Constitution, 1972. The Bangladesh Constitution has 153 Articles arranged under eleven parts and 4 schedules entitled the Republic, Fundamental Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Rights, the Executive, Prime Minister and the Cabinet, the Legislature, Legislative and Financial Procedure, Ordinance Making Power, Judiciary, Elections, Comptroller …

Intellectual Property in Bangladesh

Bangladesh inherited the legal framework on intellectual property (IP) dating back to the British-India. Intellectual property law in Bangladesh is administered by two offices under two ministries: The Department of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks (DPDT) under the Ministry of Industries (MOI) and the Copyright Office under the Ministry of Cultural Affairs (MOCA). The five main types of intellectual property protections in Bangladesh are: trademark, patent, industrial design, copyright, and geographical indication. Except for copyrights, which are regulated by the Copyright Office, all of the other intellectual property protections are regulated by the DPDT. The Patents, Designs and Trademarks Act of 1883 is the earliest legislation found to protect IP. Subsequently it was repealed and the new Patents and Designs Act was enacted in 1911 and the Trademarks Act in 1940. The Bangladesh Government enacted a Copyright Law in July 2000 (with minor amendments in 2005), a Trademarks Act in 2009 (amended in 2015), and the Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act in 2013. In Bangladesh, Patent and Design Rights are guided under the Patents and Designs Act of 1911 and the Patent and Design Rules of 1933.

Patent in Bangladesh

AThe Patents and Designs Act, 1911 and the Patent and Design Rules, 1933, set the terms for all patent and design rights in Bangladesh. These laws allow for a maximum patent term of 16 years, after which time the invention or process becomes part of the public domain and competitors may freely reproduce, redesign, and market the invention without the original patent holder’s consent. There are two types of applications for patent registration. One is an Ordinary application. This application was filed in Bangladesh Patent Office and it did not claim any priorities. Another one is the Convention application which claims single or multiple priorities from an application made in a convention country but it has to be made within 12 months of the application that was made in the convention country. As per Section 3 of the Patent & Design Act, 1911, an application for a patent can be made by any citizen of Bangladesh or foreign national, by himself or jointly and such application shall be made in prescribed forms to the Department of Patents, Designs and Trademarks (DPDT).

Trademark in Bangladesh

Bangladesh’s Trademark Act, 2009 and Trademark Rules, 2015 set the terms for all trademark applications, registrations, refusals, etc. in the country. A trademark is an easily recognizable sign, symbol, design, word, or phrase that represents a company or product. Any person may give notice of opposition on statutory grounds to the Registrar with regards to the certification of the new trademark. If no one appropriately opposes the trademark within two months of the date at which the BG Press publishes the mark, the DPDT informs the applicant of this and requests payment of the certification fees. Registered trademarks are valid for seven years following the date of application and after this period, may be renewed for successive periods of 10 years. Renewal fees for the trademark must be paid within six months of the date of expiration. Late renewals are available for up to four months following expiration with a late fee. Extensions are granted at the Registrar’s discretion and require additional fees.

Industrial design in Bangladesh

The Patents and Designs Act, 1911 and the Patent and Design Rules, 1933 set the terms for all patent and design rights in Bangladesh. An industrial design may consist of three-dimensional features, such as the shape of an article, or two-dimensional features, such as patterns, lines or color. There are two categories under which industrial designs may be filed in Bangladesh: (i) Ordinary application, and (ii) Convention application (claiming priority from a convention country, for example, a member country of the Paris Convention). The initial period for a registered and certified industrial design is five years. This design protection can be extended up to two terms of five years, for a maximum total period of 15 years. There is no option to file for a late renewal.

Copyright in Bangladesh

A copyright is the exclusive right to publish or produce an original piece of work that required significant mental activity to create, such as a work of art, literature, poetry, music, graphic design, film, software, architectural design, or website content. The Copyright Act, 2000 and Copyright Rules, 2010 set the terms for copyrights in Bangladesh. Copyrights in literary, musical, dramatic, or artistic work are protected for the entirety of the creator’s lifetime and 60 years following the creator’s year of death. For works that may not have a single individual creator, such as cinematographic films, computer programs, photographs, or sound recordings, the copyrights are valid for 60 years following the year of publication. A copyright registration may be initiated by the author, publisher, owner, etc. of the work to be copyrighted, or by the assignee or legal representative of that person or entity.

IP enforcement in Bangladesh

If infringed upon, the owner of the patent/design may seek civil remedies, which may provide the patent/design owner with search orders, injunctions, accounts of profit, and civil damages from a court of law. If infringed upon, the owner of the trademark may seek civil or criminal remedies. Civil remedies can provide the trademark owner with search orders, injunctions, accounts of profit, and civil damages from a court of law. Criminal remedies may result in fines, imprisonment, and confiscation of the infringing copies for the accused. If infringed upon, the owner of the copyright may seek civil, criminal, or administrative remedies. Civil remedies can provide the copyright owner with search orders, injunctions, accounts of profit, and civil damages from a court of law. Criminal remedies may result in fines, imprisonment, and confiscation of the infringing copies for the accused. Administrative remedies can result in the Registrar banning the import or distribution of the infringing copies in Bangladesh.

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Eleven Facts About Bangladesh You Might Not Know

1. Tea is the life-line
Bangladesh is a renowned tea-producing country, and it’s rated among the top 10 largest tea producers globally. The country’s tea industry can be traced back to British rule- during this period; the East India Company conducted tea trade in the Sylhet region. It’s estimated that around 3% of global tea is from Bangladesh.
2. The national dish
The national dish is Hilsha Fish Curry- Hilsha is a fish species related to herring. Other common dishes include Rice, curry, lentil, and fish. This country is also famous for its delicious desserts, where you will find a wide range of rice cakes, sweets, and rice puddings. Alternatively, the other desserts are made from ingredients, including cow milk.
3. Beautiful mosques
It has stunning religious architecture, and that’s why Dhaka is known as the “city of mosques.” This is because it has many beautiful mosques in town, including the Chawk Mosque, Saat Masjid, and the Baitul Mukarram National Mosque.
4. The Sixty Dome Mosque
The Sixty Dome Mosque was affirmed by UNESCO as a world heritage site in 1985. This is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the Sultanate period
5. Building the infrastructure
Khan Jahan Ali is a celebrated icon in this country who was responsible for bringing most infrastructural systems in this country to life. He oversaw the construction of many roads, bridges, and mosques.
6. Its largely flat
This is a largely flat country with a low-lying landscape. As a result, it is frequently subjected to annual flooding, especially when the snow melts from the Himalayas. Bangladesh’s landscape consists of 67% of arable land, forests and woodland account for 16%, while meadows and pastures account for 4% of the land.
7. Highest peak
Saka Haphong is Bangladesh’s highest peak, with an elevation of 1,052 m. Its found in the Bangladesh-Myanmar border.
8. The right hand rule
Which hand should you use while here? Well, you should always shake hands or pass things with your right hand. Using your left hand is generally considered rude.
9. Smile
The locals seldom smile, not because they are generally unfriendly, but it’s considered a sign of immaturity if you smile too much.
10. Festivals
It has two main religious festivals, eid-ul-azha, and eid-ul fitr, observed after Ramadan.
11. Festivals
The major festival in Bangladesh is the Bengali New year. Other common festivals are Eid al-Fitr and Christmas.

Bud & Prairie helps your business navigate Bangladesh’s laws and regulations. Our solutions manage and process your issues, as well as enhance your potentialities. Partnering with Bud & Prairie means a quick, cost-effective, and compliant way to grow at the Bangladesh market.

Bangladesh employment and human resources

Bangladesh’s employment law is regulated by the 2006 Labor Act (“Act”) and the 2015 Labor Rules (“Rules”). The Act and Rules apply to employees (laborers) working in commercial and industrial enterprises. Workers employed in any institution are graded according to the type and condition of their work in any of the following classes: (a) Apprentice, (b) Substitute / Badli, (c) Casual, (d) Temporary, (e) Probationer, (f) Permanent and (g) Seasonal. It is given in the 2006 Bangladesh Labor Act that any establishment may have its own service rule, but the service rule must include all the regulations specified in the Act. The main impediments of Bangladesh in human resource development (HRD) are the constitutional obligations, dominance of general education, poor presence of technical education, weak infrastructures, poor population control and expensive health services, increasing migration to industrial and service sectors, poorly synergized education and employment prospect including lack of central HRD.


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📝 Contract Formation and Enforcement in Bangladesh

The Contract Act, 1872 is the chief contract law in Bangladesh. Based on English contract law and the British Indian contract law, it was enacted in the 19th century and re-enacted by the Parliament of Bangladesh after the country’s independence. In order for a contract to have legal effect under the Contract Act 1872, the following factors must be present: the Promiser must make a proposal; the Promisee must approve the proposal; when approved, a proposal becomes a pledge; a lawful fee must be given for the promise made, which in effect creates a contract. Enforcing contract remains a key challenge in improving business climate in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, it takes about 4 years on an average to get a contract enforced.

📅 Bangladesh public holidays

Date Description
21 Feb Shaheed Day
17 Mar Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s Birthday
18 Mar Shab e-Barat
26 Mar Independence Day
14 Apr Bengali New Year
28 Apr Laylat al-Qadr
29 Apr Jumatul Bidah
1 May May Day
2-4 May Eid ul-Fitr Holiday
16 May Buddha Purnima
9-11 Jul Eid ul-Adha Holiday
9 Aug Ashura
15 Aug National Mourning Day
19 Aug Shuba Janmashtami
5 Oct Vijaya Dashami
9 Oct Eid-e-Milad un-Nabi
16 Dec Victory Day
25 Dec Christmas Day

🏦 Construction and Projects in Bangladesh

The Top 10 Mega Projects of Bangladesh include:
1. Padma Multipurpose Bridge
Cost: Tk30,193 crore
Main Bridge Length: 6.15km
Construction Start: November 2014

2. Dhaka Metro Rail
Total Cost: Tk21,985.07 crore
Carry: 60,000 passengers per hour
Construction Start: July, 2012

3. Padma Rail Link
Total length: 169 km
Construction start: July 2018
Cost: Tk 39,246 crore

4.Matarbari Deep Sea Port
Construction start: November 2020
Cost: 17,775 crore
Container Capacity: 2.8 Million TEUs

5. Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport Terminal 3
Worth: 21,300 Crore
Start: December 29 2019`
Land Area: 542,ooo square meter
Carry: 12 million per year

6. Dhaka Elevated Expressway
Start- January 1, 2020
Cost: 8,940 Crore
Length- 19.73 km

7. Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant
Start- November 2017 Rooppur 1
Open Date: Rooppur 1- 2023. Rooppur 2- 2025
Cost- 1,13,000 Crore BDT
Capacity – 2400 MW

8. Dhaka to Chittagong Express Railway
Length- 227.3 km
Cost- (Tk) 96,752 crore
Speed- 300km/hr
Carry: 100,000/daily

9. Karnaphuli Tunnel
Start: December 2016
Length- main tunnel is 3.32km
Cost: Tk10,374 crore.

10. Bangabandhu Railway Bridge Project
Strat: November 29, 2020
Cost: Tk16,780.95 crore

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    Bud & Prairie boasts a team of highly-qualified lawyers, licensed patent and trademark agents, engineers, paralegals, technical staff and legal professionals whose knowledge, experience, and acumen are second to none. Most of our attorneys and consultants own advanced degrees from both domestic and foreign institutions. We have the depth of experience of our partners with a perfect combination of knowledge, foresight and creativity, making us possible to analyse and solve issues faced by clients from various industries and providing them with all-round or holistic solutions that are not only legally sound, but also commercially sensitive.

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